time 
设为首页】【收藏本站
当前位置: 主页 > Unix/Linux > Linux管理 > Linux维护 > 《APUE》和《UNP》文件的编译和使用(转载)

《APUE》和《UNP》文件的编译和使用(转载)

时间:2009-11-27 00:00 点击:2093次 字体:[ ]




source code中的README只提供了编译方法,要是自己敲代码的话,需要稍微修改一下。
1.编译《APUE》
http://www.apuebook.com/src.tar.gz
在哪里编译都是一样,我们需要的是libapue.a 和apue.h文件。
我使用的目录是/home/dan/download/apue.2e/
修改Make.defines.linux文件中,
WKDIR=/home/dan/download/apue.2e

在我的机器上编译时,提示ARG_MAX未定义,可以这么修改。
在apue.2e/include/apue.h中添加一行:
#define ARG_MAX 4096
打开apue.2e/threadtl/getenv1.c 和apue.2e/threadctl/getenv3.c,添加一行:
#include "apue.h"
这样就可以编译通过了,复制apue.2e/include/apue.h到/usr/include下,
apue.2e/lib/libapue.a 到/usr/lib/和 /usr/lib64下。
2. 使用apue.h文件和libapue.a库。
假定/tmp下有一个文件:threadid.c,内容如下(apue线程章节的例子):
#include
#include
pthread_t ntid;
void
printids(const char *s)
{
        pid_t           pid;
        pthread_t       tid;
        pid = getpid();
        tid = pthread_self();
        printf("%s pid %u tid %u (0x%x)\n", s, (unsigned int)pid,
          (unsigned int)tid, (unsigned int)tid);
}
void *
thr_fn(void *arg)
{
        printids("new thread: ");
        return((void *)0);
}
int
main(void)
{
        int             err;
        err = pthread_create(&ntid, NULL, thr_fn, NULL);
        if (err != 0)
                err_quit("can't create thread: %s\n", strerror(err));
        printids("main thread:");
        sleep(1);
        exit(0);
}
使用如下命令编译:
cc -o threadid threadid.c -lapue -lpthread
可以运行一下:
dan@dan-laptop:/tmp$ ./threadid
new thread:  pid 17490 tid 816015696 (0x30a36950)
main thread: pid 17490 tid 823949040 (0x311c76f0)
3. 编译《UNP》
这个稍微麻烦些。
http://www.unpbook.com/unpv13e.tar.gz
我们首先产生一个目录,以后自己的代码就敲在这个目录里。
mkdir /home/dan/study/unp
仍然是下载到/home/dan/download/,解压缩,进入目录
cd /home/dan/download/unpv13e/
README文件中说的很详细:
========================================
Execute the following from the src/ directory:
    ./configure    # try to figure out all implementation differences
    cd lib         # build the basic library that all programs need
    make           # use "gmake" everywhere on BSD/OS systems
    cd ../libfree  # continue building the basic library
    make
    cd ../libroute # only if your system supports 4.4BSD style routing sockets
    make           # only if your system supports 4.4BSD style routing sockets
    cd ../libxti   # only if your system supports XTI
    make           # only if your system supports XTI
    cd ../intro    # build and test a basic client program
    make daytimetcpcli
========================================
这里只编译lib下的文件,这样可以产生libunp.a,复制这个静态库到/usr/lib/和/usr/lib64/
如果提示:
unp.h:139: error: conflicting types for ‘socklen_t’
/usr/include/bits/socket.h:35: error: previous declaration of ‘socklen_t’ was here
需要注释掉当前目录中unp.h的第139行。
复制libunp.a到系统目录:
root@dan-laptop:/home/dan/download/unpv13e/lib# cp ../libunp.a /usr/lib
root@dan-laptop:/home/dan/download/unpv13e/lib# cp ../libunp.a /usr/lib64/
4.使用unp.h和libunp.a
如果直接复制unpv13e/lib/unp.h到/usr/include,那么在别的目录编译书上代码时,很可会得到类似下面的错误:
In file included from daytimetcpsrv1.c:1:
/usr/include/unp.h:227: error: redefinition of ‘struct sockaddr_storage’
In file included from daytimetcpsrv1.c:1:
/usr/include/unp.h:249:30: error: ../lib/addrinfo.h: No such file or directory
/usr/include/unp.h:263: error: redefinition of ‘struct timespec’
/usr/include/unp.h:363: error: conflicting types for ‘gai_strerror’
/usr/include/netdb.h:647: error: previous declaration of ‘gai_strerror’ was here
/usr/include/unp.h:367: error: conflicting types for ‘getnameinfo’
/usr/include/netdb.h:653: error: previous declaration of ‘getnameinfo’ was here
/usr/include/unp.h:371: error: conflicting types for ‘gethostname’
/usr/include/unistd.h:857: error: previous declaration of ‘gethostname’ was here
/usr/include/unp.h:387: error: conflicting types for ‘inet_ntop’
/usr/include/arpa/inet.h:65: error: previous declaration of ‘inet_ntop’ was here
/usr/include/unp.h:395: error: conflicting types for ‘pselect’
/usr/include/sys/select.h:121: error: previous declaration of ‘pselect’ was here
daytimetcpsrv1.c: In function ‘main’:
daytimetcpsrv1.c:9: error: ‘MAX_LINE’ undeclared (first use in this function)
daytimetcpsrv1.c:9: error: (Each undeclared identifier is reported only once
daytimetcpsrv1.c:9: error: for each function it appears in.)
dan@dan-laptop:~/study/unp/4$ rm -f /usr/include/unp.h
解决方法有点傻:
进入我们开始时建立的目录:
cd /home/dan/study/unp
复制config.h和unp.h到此目录:
dan@dan-laptop:~/study/unp$ cp /home/dan/download/unpv13e/config.h .
dan@dan-laptop:~/study/unp$ cp /home/dan/download/unpv13e/lib/unp.h .
修改unp.h,
#include "../config.h"改成 #include "config.h"
添加一行:
#define MAX_LINE 2048
练习书上代码时,在unp目录下建立相应的章节目录,文件中添加一行:
#include "../unp.h"
编译时链接unp库就可以了。
以第四章的daytimetcpsrv1.c为例:
dan@dan-laptop:~/study/unp/4$ pwd
/home/dan/study/unp/4
dan@dan-laptop:~/study/unp/4$ cat daytimetcpsrv1.c
#include "../unp.h"
#include
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
    int    listenfd, connfd;
    socklen_t    len;
    struct sockaddr_in    servaddr, cliaddr;
    char    buff[MAX_LINE];
    time_t    ticks;
    listenfd = Socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
    bzero(&servaddr, sizeof(servaddr));
    servaddr.sin_family = AF_INET;
    servaddr.sin_addr.s_addr = htonl(INADDR_ANY);
    servaddr.sin_port = htons(13);
   
    Bind(listenfd, (SA *)&servaddr, sizeof(servaddr));
    Listen(listenfd, LISTENQ);
   
    for (;;) {
        len = sizeof(cliaddr);
        connfd = Accept(listenfd, (SA *)&cliaddr, &len);
        printf("connection from %s, port %d\n",
            Inet_ntop(AF_INET, &cliaddr.sin_addr, buff, sizeof(buff)),
            ntohs(cliaddr.sin_port));
        ticks = time(NULL);
        snprintf(buff, sizeof(buff), "%.24s\r\n", ctime(&ticks));
        Write(connfd, buff, strlen(buff));
        Close(connfd);
    }
}
编译:
cc -o daytimetcpsrv1 daytimetcpsrv1.c -lunp
运行一下:
root@dan-laptop:/home/dan/study/unp/4# ./daytimetcpsrv1 &
[1] 22106
root@dan-laptop:/home/dan/study/unp/4#
root@dan-laptop:/home/dan/study/unp/4# ./daytimetcpcli
usage: a.out
root@dan-laptop:/home/dan/study/unp/4# ./daytimetcpcli 127.0.0.1
connection from 127.0.0.1, port 42064Fri Aug 21 23:03:56 2009
root@dan-laptop:/home/dan/study/unp/4# netstat -nt
Active Internet connections (w/o servers)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address           Foreign Address         State      
tcp        0      0 127.0.0.1:13            127.0.0.1:42064         TIME_WAIT  




本文地址 : http://www.fengfly.com/plus/view-163984-1.html
标签: 文件 目录 编译 使用 转载 Error:
------分隔线----------------------------
最新评论 查看所有评论
发表评论 查看所有评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
验证码: